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Christian Apologetics toward Islam and Missions to Muslims

Shariah Law – 4

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Reliance of the TravellerShariah Law on Criminal Offenses – Book ‘O’


JUSTICE – Book ‘O’


Death for Apostasy

(The only thing worse than a Kafr is a Muslim who chooses to become a Kafr (Unbeliever)

o8.1 When a person who has reached puberty and is sane voluntarily apostatizes from Islam, he deserves
to be killed.
o8.2 In such a case, it is obligatory for the caliph (A: or his representive) to ask him to repent and return
to Islam. If he does, it is accepted from him, but if he refuses, he is immediately killed.


o8.4 There is no indemnity for killing an apostate (O: or any expiation, since it is killing someone who
deserves to die).




The Objectives of Jihad – Pg 602

o9.8 The caliph (o25) makes war upon Jews, Christians, and Zoroastrians (N: provided he has first
invited them to enter Islam in faith and practice, and if they will not, then invited them to enter the social
order of Islam by paying the non-Muslim poll tax (jizya,

“Fight those who do not believe in Allah and the Last Day and who forbid not what Allah and His
messenger have forbidden-who do not practice the religion of truth, being of those who have been given
the Book-until they pay the poll tax out of hand and are humbled” (Koran 9.29),



o9.10 It is not permissible (A: in jihad) to kill women or children unless they are fighting against the
Muslims. Nor is it permissible to kill animals, unless they are being ridden into battle against the
Muslims, or if killing them will help defeat the enemy. It is permissible to kill old men (O: old man
(shaykh meaning someone more than forty years of age) and monks.
o9.11 It is unlawful to kill a non-Muslim to whom a Muslim has given his guarantee of protection

o9.12 Whoever enters Islam before being captured may not be killed or his property confiscated, or his
young children taken captive.

o9.13 When a child or a woman is taken captive, they become slaves by the fact of capture, and the woman’s previous marriage is immediately annulled.

o9.14 When an adult male is taken captive, the caliph (def: o25) considers the interests (O: of Islam and the Muslims) and decides between the prisoner’s death, slavery, release without paying anything, or ransoming himself in exchange for money or for a Muslim captive held by the enemy. If the prisoner becomes a Muslim (O: before the caliph chooses any of the four alternatives) then he may not be killed, and one of the other three alternatives is chosen.


The Spoils of Battle – Page 606

o10.1 A free male Muslim who has reached puberty and is sane is entitled to the spoils of battle when he
has participated in a battle to the end of it.

After personal booty (def: o10.2), the collective spoils of the battle are divided into five parts….

o10.3 As for the first fifth that is taken from the spoils, it is divided in turn into five parts, a share each going to:

(1) the Prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace), and after his death, to such Islamic interests as
fortifying defenses on the frontiers, salaries for Islamic judges, muezzins, and the like;

(2) relatives of the Prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace) of the Bani Hashim and Bani
Muttalib clans, each male receiving the share of two females;

(3) orphans who are poor;

(4) those short of money (def: h8.11);

(5) and travellers needing money (h8.18).


Laws for Dhimmitude – Page 607-609

011.1 A formal agreement of protection is made with citizens who are:
(1) Jews;
(2) Christians;
(3) Zoroastrians;


o11.2 Such an agreement may not be effected with those who are idol worshippers (dis: o9.9 (n:)), or
those who do not have a Sacred Book or something that could have been a Book. (A: Something that could have been a Book refers to those like the Zoroastrians, who have remnants resembling an ancient Book. As for the pseudoscriptures of cults that have appeared since Islam (n: such as the Sikhs, Baha’ is, Mormons, Qadianis, etc.), they neither are nor could be a Book, since the Koran is the final revelation (dis: w4).)

o11.3 Such an agreement is only valid when the subject peoples:
(a) follow the rules of Islam (b) and pay the non-Muslim poll tax (jizya).



o11.4 The minimum non-Muslim poll tax is one dinar (n: 4.235 grams of gold) per person (A: per year).
The maximum is whatever both sides agree upon. It is collected with leniency and politeness, as are all
debts, and is not levied on women, children, or the insane.

o11.5 Such non-Muslim subjects are obliged to comply with Islamic rules that pertain to the safety and
indemnity of life, reputation, and property. In addition, they:
(1) are penalized for committing adultery or theft, thought not for drunkenness;
(2) are distinguished from Muslims in dress, wearing a wide cloth belt (zunnar);
(3) are not greeted with “as-Salamu ‘alaykum”;
(4) must keep to the side of the street;
(5) may not build higher than or as high as the Muslims’ buildings
(6) are forbidden to openly display wine or pork, (A: to ring church bells or display crosses,) recite
the Torah or Evangel aloud, or make public display of their funerals and feastdays;
(7) and are forbidden to build new churches.

o11.6 They are forbidden to reside in the Hijaz, meaning the area and towns around Mecca, Medina, and
Yamama, for more than three days when the caliph allows them to enter there for something they need).

o11.7 A non-Muslim may not enter the Meccan Sacred Precinct (Haram) under any circumstances, or
enter any other mosque without permission (A: nor may Muslims enter churches without their permission).

o11.10 The agreement is also violated….. if one of the subject people:
(1) commits adultery with a Muslim woman or marries her;
(2) conceals spies of hostile forces;
(3) leads a Muslim away from Islam;
(4) kills a Muslim;
(5) or mentions something impermissible about Allah, the Prophet or Islam.

o11.11 When a subject’s agreement with the state has been violated, the caliph chooses between the four
alternatives mentioned above in connection with prisoners of war (o9.14).

(1. death 2. slavery 3. release 4. exchange for a Muslim prisoner of war.)



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