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Christian Apologetics toward Islam and Missions to Muslims

The Sources of Islamic Doctrine – Part 7

sunnahamustWe are dealing with the sources of Islamic doctrine because we believe that Christians need to be informed so that we are better equipped to deal with Islam, especially so we will know how to reach them for Christ. We will start today by dealing with apostasy in Islam.


Every Muslim knows that the penalty for leaving Islam is death. Let’s look at what the Islamic scriptures have to say.

Bukhari 9.83.17

A Muslim, who has admitted that there is no god but Allah, and that I am his prophet, may not be killed except for three reasons; as punishment for murder, for adultery, and for apostasy.

In this Hadith, Muhammad justifies killing an apostate.


Leaving Islam is the ugliest form of unbelief (kufr) and the worst….

ROT o8.1 When a person who has reached puberty and is sane voluntarily apostatizes from Islam, he deserves to be killed.

ROT o8.2 In such a case, it is obligatory for the caliph to ask him to repent and return to Islam. If he does, it is accepted from him, but if he refuses, he is immediately killed.

ROT o8.3 If he is a freeman, no one besides the caliph or his representative may kill him. If someone else kills him, the killer is disciplined.

ROT o8.4 There is no indemnity for killing an apostate.

There is no doubt that apostasy carries the death penalty. We see it carried out across the world in Islamic countries. This is not radical Islam, it is true and normal Islam. This is why Islam cannot coexist with our Constitution and our Bill of Rights.

The Treatment of Jews

There is a verse in the early part of the Qur’an that says Muslims can take Jews and Christians as friends. It is abrogated later, where Muslims are told not to take Jews and Christians as friends.

Bukhari 3.43.65

“The hour will not be established until the son of Miriam descends among you as a just ruler.”

They are talking about Isa, the Muslim Jesus. When he comes back, he will do three things; he will break every cross, kill the pigs, and abolish the Jizya. We have already covered why he will abolish the Jizya, it will no longer be needed because there will be on non-Muslims left on earth. Breaking the cross means he will destroy all Christians, and killing the pigs refers to his killing all of the Jews. Sometimes you wonder if you are in the twilight zone. The Jewish son of Miriam, is going to kill all of the Jews?

In the Sahih Muslim, there is a parallel verse:

Sahih Muslim 41.69.85

“The Prophet said the last hour would not come unless the Muslims will fight against the Jews and the Muslims would kill them until the Jews would hid themselves behind a stone or behind a tree and a stone or a tree would say, Muslim, oh servant of Allah, there is a Jew behind me, come and kill him.”

Muhammad said that the last hour would not come until every last Jew is annihilated. Even the stones and trees will cry out and tell the Muslims where to find them so they can kill them.

While we are talking about Islam’s treatment of people, listen to what it teaches about the treatment of women.

… The women asked, “O Allah’s Apostle! What is deficient in our intelligence and religion?” He said, “Is not the evidence of two women equal to the witness of one man?” They replied in the affirmative. He said, “This is the deficiency in her intelligence.

Sahih Bukhari 1:6:301

“O people! Give alms.” Then he went towards the women and said. “O women! Give alms, for I have seen that the majority of the dwellers of Hell-Fire were you (women).” The women asked, “O Allah’s Apostle! What is the reason for it?” He replied, “O women! You curse frequently, and are ungrateful to your husbands. I have not seen anyone more deficient in intelligence and religion than you…”

Sahih Bukhari 2:24:541

There are examples of Muhammad actually doing this, himself. In the Sira, written by Ibn Ishaaq, there is an incident called the Battle of the Trench. This is found on page 464. Muhammad makes a deal with the last Jewish tribe to guard his flank. After the war was over, the angel supposedly comes to him and tells him he must deal with the treachery of the Jews. He then attacks them, and after about a week he makes a peace agreement. He said he would let them live, but they would have to leave Arabia, He invites them to the marketplace to finalize the deal, and the men come first. This was a big mistake. Muhammadans reminds his people that war is deceit, and he captures the men.

“Then the apostle went out into the market of Medina, which is still a market today, and dug trenches in it. Then he sent for them and struck off their heads in those trenches as they were brought out to him in batches. Among them was the enemy of Allah, (gave some names herd), there were 600 or 700 in all, though some put the figure as high as 800 or 900.

It also says there was a mad woman who was laughing, and he chopped off her head as well.

Interestingly, this is where he gets his wife that ended up poisoning him. She was a Jewess, and when she was captured, according to Islamic law, her marriage was annulled.

Let’s review what happened. There was a Jewish tribe that had submitted to Islam, help him in battle, and when the battle was over, he turned on them. In one day had 600-900 men beheaded,

This is also called the battle of Kibar, Bukhari 145:700 tells us that all of the able-bodied adult men were killed and all of the women and children were taken captive. It also confirms that Ruhannah, a Jewess, was married by Muhammad, and she poisoned him. It is a real embarrassment for a Muslim man to be killed by a woman. It was even worse because she was a Jewess.

The fact that Muhammad died the way he did kept him from becoming a martyr. This is why every time his name is mentioned by a Muslim, they say “Peace be upon him.” Since he didn’t die as a martyr, they have no guarantee that he is is Paradise.

The Credibility of the Sunnah

There is a real problem with the credibility of the Islamic scriptures. It has to do with the issue of when they were written. Muhammad died in the year 632. Let’s assume there was someone who was very young heard his saying, and saw what he did, and give him 70 years after the death of Muhammad. It may be possible that this person lived until the year 700. After they year 700, it is very unlikely that any of Muhammad’s companions would be alive. Any testimonies received after this time would not be firsthand. Bukhari was born in the year 810, 178 years after the death of Muhammad. Muslim was born in the year 815. Let’s say that they started writing 20 years after their birth. We are talking about 200 years after Muhammad’s death before the most reliable Hadith were written.

Have you ever played the game of Chinese whispers where stories are made up and passed around? These men were getting testimonies from the great, great, great grandchildren of Muhammad’s companions. The bottom line is that there is no eyewitness account of Muhammad’s life in the Hadith.

Parts of the Sira are closer, about 100 years after the death of Muhammad. Again, there is no eyewitness to what Muhammad did or said.

In the first part of this series we saw that there is no eyewitness to the Qur’an, and now we see that there is no eyewitness to the things written in the Sunnah. This is is stark contrast with the Scriptures of Christianity.

Not only do the Islamic scriptures have both internal and external contradictions, there is no real evidence to the reliability of what they say. This is a pretty weak foundation for Islam, the second largest religion in the world.

In contrast to this, Christianity has writings by those who walked with Christ dating to within 20 or 30 years of Christ’s death. Not only this, there are many ancient manuscripts that support the accuracy of the Christian Scriptures of our day.

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Updated: September 23, 2016 — 5:48 AM
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